Scripting Language

1. What is Scripting Language?

Scripting language is the language used to write a script for web development, where it is used widely to make dynamic web applications. It is a language that is basically written for a run-time environment and does not require the compilation step. They are rather interpreted. Scripting Language is a programming language that has been developed for integrating and communicating with other programming languages.

2. Which are the different Scripting languages?

Following are some of the frequently used scripting language

  • Bash: It is a scripting language that works in the Linux interface. Bash is a lot easier to use to create scripts over other programming languages. It gives an explanation of the code and the tools to use in the command line and creates useful reusable scripts. It also maintains documentation for other people to work with.
  • Node js: Node js is a blueprint to write network applications using JavaScript. Some of its users include IBM, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Netflix, PayPal, Yahoo for real-time web applications.
  • Ruby: Ruby programming language has a lot of reasons why one should learn it. Ruby’s elasticity allows developers to develop innovative softwares. It is a scripting language that is exceptional for web development.
  • Python: Python is effortless, free, and open source. It holds up procedure-oriented programming and object-oriented programming. It is an interpreted language with dynamic semantics and heavy lines of code are scripted. It is, at present, the most hyped language among developers.
  • Perl: Perl is a scripting language with innovative features to make it stand out. It can be found on all windows and Linux servers. It helps in text manipulation tasks. and IMDB are a few high traffic websites that use Perl extensively.

3, What are the advantages of Scripting Languages?

The advantages of Scripting Languages are -

A. Easy learning

Learning to code in scripting languages is quick and not much knowledge of web technology is required by the user.

B. Fast editing

It is highly systematic with a very less number of data structures and variables to use.

C. Interactivity

It is of great help in including visualization interfaces and mergers in web pages. Modern web pages call for the use of scripting languages. To create enhanced web pages, captivate visual description which comprises background and foreground colors, and much more.

D. Functionality

Different scripting languages have different libraries which they are a part of. They help in making new applications in web browsers and vary from normal programming languages.

4. What are the two categories of Scripting language?

Scripting languages can be divided into two categories:

1. Server-side scripting languages are the scripts that work on the server (backend) and hence reduce the workload of a browser. In these scripting languages, the functionality of your website is written. Perl, Ruby, Python, PHP are some of the most commonly used server-side scripting languages.
2. Client-side scripting languages make those scripts that run on the client-side (i.e. your browser/frontend). These are sent from the server by server-side scripts. Some good examples of client-side scripting languages are JavaScript, jQuery, CSS, etc.

5. What are the types of scripting languages ?

The types of scripting languages are - 

1. Glue Language

A programming language that is made particularly to write and manage programs and code, which connects together different software components is known as Glue language.

2. GUI scripting

Graphical user interface scripting languages interact with graphic windows, menus, buttons, and so on just like a human user would on the website. They do this by imitating the actions of the user. These languages are generally used to automate user actions. GUI Scripting is also called "macros" when the task is done with the help of simulated key presses or mouse clicks/tapping or pressing on a touch-enabled screen.

3. Application based Languages

Application based Languages are designed especially for a particular application. For example - A computer game system uses an application-based scripting language to specifically express the programmed actions of player’s characters and the game environment.

4. Extension/embeddable languages

An extension language is a continuation to the application-based language allowing users more control and more functionality which is available with the help of a user interface that is very structured.

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