Bees Algorithm

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bees algorithm

What is Bees Algorithm?

In computer science and operations research, the bees algorithm is a population-based search algorithm which was developed by Pham, Ghanbarzadeh et al. in 2005. It mimics the food foraging behaviour of honey bee colonies. In its basic version the algorithm performs a kind of neighbourhood search combined with global search, and can be used for both combinatorial optimization and continuous optimization. 

bees algorithm
Source: Science Direct

How does the Bees Algorithm work?

Similar to how bees employ to search and prioritize, the algorithm is a classical example of swarm intelligence, in which many individuals work together to solve problems or optimize scenarios. 

Bees search for food by using scouts to explore areas deemed most likely to produce favorable results. At first, the scouts conduct random searches to locate the areas where food exists in the greatest abundance. Then they conduct more orderly, localized searches until they arrive at the most efficient possible food-recovery process.

The bees algorithm makes it possible for research scientists and engineers to solve complex problems involving vast amounts of data, categorizing the results according to specific criteria (such as geographic region or age group), and then giving priority to the results most likely to yield workable solutions. Computers and swarms of insect robots can use the bees algorithm as well.

What are some common applications of the bees algorithm?

Practical applications of the bees algorithm include:

  • Machine vision
  • Pattern recognition
  • Image analysis
  • Job scheduling
  • Finding multiple solutions to problem
  • Data aggregation
  • Mechanical component design
  • Robot control


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